Retina at a glance
|The ocular retina can be affected by a wide variety of local and systemic conditions and diseases. Certain disorders of the retina such as familial exudative vitreo-retinopathy are congenital (present since birth) and are inherited (i.e. run in families). Other conditions, such as retinopathy of prematurity(ROP) are NOT present at birth, but develop shortly after birth, and, if not treated in time, can have devastating consequences.
Disorders of the retina can present acutely (such as bleeding inside the eye or retinal detachment) or can be insidious in onset(such as diabetic retinopathy or swelling of the blood vessels within the eye, a condition known as vasculitis)
The diagnosis and management of retinal disorders in general is often a drawn out process and requires, in many cases, multiple interventions. Vision can often be saved if these diseases are detected early. However, if treatment is delayed for any reason, many retinal conditions can result in irreversible blindness.